This post will briefly detail my experience setting up the Linksys NP100 PCMCIA 10/100 Ethernet adapter in DSL. It is currently fully functional, and getting networking (even ethernet) on this old beast was a real benefit.
First, I was saved from the trouble I had with TinyCore by the fact that DSL run cardmgr, a utility for interfacing with PCMCIA cards. I plugged in the card and it recognized it at boot immediately- dmesg showed
eth0: Asix AX88190: io 0x300, irq 3, hw_addr 00:04:5A:A5:66:08
This card uses the AX88190 chip, which means that although normally it tries to use the pcnet_cs driver, you must manually bind it to axnet_cs.
Open /etc/pcmcia/config with a text editor, and search for the paragraph on the Linksys NP-100. Change the line that says
Next open /etc/pcmcia/config.opts, and add this to the end of the file:
card "Fast Ethernet 10/100 PC Card" version "Network Everywhere", "Fast Ethernet 10/100 PC Card", "3.0", "AX88190" manfid 0x0149, 0xc1ab bind "axnet_cs"
After this you should blacklist the pcnet_cs driver by opening /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist, and adding the line
Save and exit.
Now because DSL doesn’t autoconfigure the network (no dhcpcd or dhclient) at startup you need to set it up manually, with a static IP address:
sudo ifconfig eth0 desired_ip netmask 255.255.255.0
Changing desired_ip to your desired static IP.
This got the card functioning for me. If anyone else has any different experience or corrections to make, please leave a comment or send me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Many who use IRC use the client Xchat, myself included. For some mobile tethering is their only means of internet; others may be facing problems with firewalls and ISP blocking. Setting your Xchat client to use the Tor network can help you around this.
In this post I will detail how to set up Xchat with Tor on Debian or Debian based OS. Part of this involves using SASL, an authentication protocol, since unauthenticated Tor connections are automatically blocked by most IRC servers (FreeNode in particular).
I’ll assume you already have Xchat installed. In that case, the first step is to install Tor.
sudo apt-get install tor
Tor is a small package and should not take long to download. It will automatically daemonize and begin running.
Next you need to edit /etc/tor/torrc:
gksu your_favorite_editor /etc/tor/torrc
at the end of that file, append
# For FreeNode IRC mapaddress 10.40.40.40 p4fsi4ockecnea7l.onion
Save the file and close.
Now you need to download and save a SASL plugin script to ~/.xchat2. You can download this file here: http://dl.dropbox.com/u/54881717/files/cap_sasl_xchat.pl
This file is available a few other places on the web as well.
With that completed, open up Xchat. Press the “Add” button to add a new network. Give the new network the name “free” (although any name will work). Next press “Edit”. In the top text box, replace “newserver/6667” with
Check “Connect to Selected Server Only” and “Use SSL for all the servers on this network” and close. Click the “Connect” button.
While Xchat futilely attempts to connect, type
You should be rewarded with this output:
SASL [action] [action paramters] actions: load reload SASL information from disk save save the current SASL information to disk set set the SASL information for a particular network set <net> <user> <passord or keyfile> <mechanism> delete delete the SASL information for a particular network delete <net> show display which networks have SASL information set mechanisms display supported mechanisms help show help message
If so, next type
/sasl set free your_nick your_password PLAIN
So if my username was (surprise) cortman, and my password was (it’s not) “squid”, I would write
/sasl set free cortman squid PLAIN
Press enter, and you should get this:
SASL: added free: [PLAIN] your_nick *
Almost there. Next go to the Settings tab and select Preferences. Go to the “Network Setup” tab. Here you will set the proxy server settings.
In the “Hostname” text box, type
127.0.0.1 (not localhost)
Set the port to 9050.
Set the type to Socks5.
And finally, set “Use proxy for:” to “IRC Server Only”.
Click ok and restart Xchat and connect to your “free” network. You should be connected!
While I have found tor to be the only way to use IRC in some cases (such as the ones outlined at the beginning), it often isn’t very reliable. Don’t be surprised if you cannot connect occasionally. Keep reconnecting, and the odds are you will eventually get through.
rfkill list all
to make sure the wireless isn’t soft blocked. If it returns a yes, you either have a physical switch turned to off or a hotkey combination. If the wireless is softblocked, you can turn of softblocks with
sudo rfkill unblock all
sudo ip link set wlan0 up
sudo iwconfig wlan0 essid "network_name"
You should be connected! Run
just to confirm. If you’re connected, you should get messages showing “pinging with x bytes of data…”. Hit
ctrl+c to end the command.
sudo netstat -lpn | grep port_number
This will return a process name and id, such as
unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 121704 5006/gnome-session /
Kill the process per the PID, in this case 5006.
sudo kill -9 5006