Enabling the root account is generally considered to not be a good idea in the GNU/Linux desktop world. Using the graphical desktop as root is even more frowned upon. It’s very easy to mess up file permissions, among others, and is very insecure. There are many fine articles on the Internet explaining the problems with this, and if you are considering enabling this account on your day-to-day machine, I strongly recommend you read up on it and/or ask about it on the Ubuntu Forums before going ahead.
That said, sometimes you just want to mess with a system. Try and break it and fix it. Whatever- it’s your system and you can do whatever you like with it.
Note that I take no responsibility for any results you may experience if you follow the instructions given here. Your machine is your responsibility, and you owe it to yourself and your computer to use it responsibly.
Ubuntu comes with the root account disabled. You can use sudo or gksudo for commands that require root permissions. However, enabling root is very simple. Open a terminal, and type
sudo passwd root
You will be prompted to give root a new password.
To log in to your machine as root at startup via the GUI login manager (Lightdm) you need to edit its config file. This is located at /usr/share/lightdm/lightdm.conf.d/50-ubuntu.conf. Edit it with nano (or your preferred editor) by typing the following at the command prompt
sudo nano /usr/share/lightdm/lightdm.conf.d/50-ubuntu.conf
Add this line to the end of the file.
Save the file and restart your computer. The login screen will now let you specify a user name. Enter root, and give the password. Your root account is now up and running.
I’m currently (in between a lot of demanding real life projects) trying to run TinyCore on my Toshiba Satellite Pro 460CDT. TinyCore is an excellent project with an active dev team and a helpful forums. I’ll use this post to keep track of useful tricks and “dumbed down to cortman’s level of comprehension” commentary on installing and using TC.
- Bootcodes can be added/removed from /mnt/sda1/tce/boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf
- Persistent home is just the device- “home=sda1”
- Same for tce- “tce=sda1”
- Store all extensions in /mnt/sda1/tce/optional
- To add extensions to onboot, add the name of the extension (i.e., “screen.tcz”) to /tce/onboot.lst
- Do the same for ondemand.lst
A do-all GTK widget for controlling systems using PulseAudio:
sudo apt-get install pavucontrol
For video cards:
lspci | grep -i vga
lshw -C video
For networking: Plain old
For input devices (touchpads especially):